India on the whole is a neck of land, as it is in contact with three huge water bodies and is instantly identifiable on the globe and any map of the world. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean on its western, eastern, and southern coasts respectively which makes it a peninsular territory.


India is equivalent to one-third of the area. India shares its borders with its neighboring countries, viz., China in the northeastern part, Pakistan on the western, Nepal and Bhutan on the northern, and Burma and Bangladesh on the eastern part.


India’s diverse geography can be classified on the basis of three different geographic sections: the mountainous Himalayas in the northern region, that include some of the topmost mountain ranges in the world, the Gangetic Plain, where most of the India’s extensive agriculture is being done and the plateau zone in the southern and central part. India’s three major rivers, ‘the trio’ i.e. the Ganges, the Indus, and the Brahmaputra-have widespread deltas and arises in the Himalayan mountains. The Himalayas split India from the remaining Asia and China. The Himalayan Mountains have numerous lofty peaks around the world. The tallest mountain range in India is the Kanchenjunga with a height of 28, 208 feet.


Commencing from north to south India pulls out to 2000 miles i.e., 3200 kilometers. Owing to its size, this land assures a bit for everybody. The ranges of mountains and wild life sanctuaries offer abundant opportunities for eco-friendly tourism and trekking.


Northern India is the largest region which commences from Jammu and Kashmir, with landscape changing from dry mountains in the distant north to the lake state and jungle close to Srinagar and Jammu. Heading to the southern region besides the river Indus, the North turn out to be smooth and more welcoming, extending into the productive plains of the Punjab towards West and the Himalayan peaks of Uttar Pradesh and the Ganges river basin towards Eastern part. Confined among these two states is Delhi, the capital city.


The West India constitutes states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and part of the gigantic central state of Madhya Pradesh. Widening from the Gujarat’s cape downward to Goa, the west seashore is crumpled with a number of India’s prominent beaches. The terrain besides the seashores is typically abundant with rainforests. The Western Ghats splits the grassy coast from the Vindhya Mountains and the arid Deccan plateau. Politically, India is distributed into 28 states; six union territories and a national capital region.


India has many fascinating architectural monuments. For example, The Taj Mahal was constructed during the Mughal kingdom. It was the royal leader Shah Jahan’s tribute to his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The Tajmahal is referred as symbol of love. Other conventional Indian art comprises a range of sculptures, paintings, images on temples and other buildings.


India’s climate is also diverse in nature but is extreme in the southern part and primarily moderate in the northern region. In general, the country also has a monsoon spells from June to September in its southern region.

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